E-NTU Method (Effectiveness – N TU method). Note, in most heat exchanger design problems, we don’t. know the fluid outlet temperatures, ie. Tiour or Tribut. TA. Summary of lmtd and e ntu. The Log Mean Temperature Difference Method ( LMTD) The Logarithmic Mean Temperature Difference(LMTD) is. Q: What is the real difference between the LMTD (logarithmic mean temperature difference) and NTU (number of transfer units) methods for analyzing heat.

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The Temperature Effectiveness P is the ratio of the tube side temperature change to the maximum temperature difference across the heat exchanger.

NTU method

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The maximum possible heat transfer rate is achieved if the fluid with the minimum value of HCR experiences the maximum dT across the heat exchanger. Resolved comments Export to PDF. Configuration Correction Factor CF The Configuration Correction Factor CF accounts for the deviation of the internal flow pattern of the actual heat exchanger from that of a single pass counter current flow pattern. Piping systems are built to transport fluid to do work, transfer heat, and make a product.

Each HCRR curve flattens to a maximum value of Effectiveness as was the case for the pure single pass parallel lmtdd heat exchanger.

NTU method – Wikipedia

Created by Jeff Sineslast modified on Jun 29, For example, for a pure single pass counter current flow an exchanger: The other fluid would change temperature more quickly along the heat exchanger length. Retrieved from ” https: In other words, the heat exchanger operates at a point on an R Curve based on the Temperature Effectiveness established by the operating conditions. This page was last edited on 17 Octoberat Powered by Atlassian Confluence 6. A properly sized heat exchanger must have some excess capacity to account for fouling that will occur during operation but significant oversizing results in higher capital and unnecessary installation costs for thermal capacity.


The location of the operating point establishes the Configuration Mfthods Factor that is used to calculate the Corrected or true Mean Temperature Difference across the heat exchanger. After calculating P and R, CF is then determined methids using the location of the P value on the appropriate R curve.

Analogies are often made between concepts in many engineering disciplines. The required thermal capacity UA needed to metbods the heat transfer rate established by the temperatures and flow rates is calculated from the Heat Transfer Rate and the Corrected Mean Temperature Difference.

If the selected heat exchanger is undersized, the design heat transfer conditions will not be achieved. The equation to calculate the heat transfer rate is given by: To understand the difference between these two methods, we need to understand the key terminology and the equations used in each solution method. For this configuration, the Maximum Effectiveness for a given HCRR curve is greater than that for a pure single pass parallel flow configuration.

Methodds division often metyods in misunderstanding, miscommunication, and mistakes when integrating the work of the various groups. Fundamentals of Momentum, Heat and Mass Transfer. Effectiveness is dimensionless quantity between 0 and 1. For example, for a ,ethods single pass counter current flow heat exchanger:. Both methods share common parameters and concepts and will arrive at the same solution to heat exchanger thermal capacity.

Engineered Software Knowledge Base. The HCRR is limited to values between 0 and 1. The relationship between these lmyd parameters depends on the type of heat exchanger and the internal flow pattern. A control valve is sized and selected to meet the hydraulic requirements of the piping system, which includes the design flow rate and pressure drop across the valve.

The thermal capacity of a heat exchanger is its ability to transfer heat between two fluids at different temperatures. In heat exchanger analysis, if the fluid inlet and outlet temperatures are specified or can be determined by simple energy balance, the LMTD method can be used; but when these temperatures are not available The NTU or The Effectiveness method is used.


The Temperature Methodd Ratio R is the ratio of the temperature change across the shell side to the temperature difference across the tube side. The control valve is slightly over-sized to ensure sufficient capacity to deliver the methodz flow. When designing piping systems to support methds transfer between fluids, both the hydraulic and thermal conditions must be evaluated to ensure the proper equipment is selected and installed. The HCR of a fluid is a measure of its ability to release or absorb heat.

The method proceeds by calculating the heat capacity rates i. The Configuration Correction Factor CF accounts for the deviation of the internal flow pattern of the actual heat exchanger from that of a single mehods counter current flow pattern.

The thermal capacity UA required to achieve the heat transfer rate is determined by re-arranging the NTU equation after determining the value of NTU for the particular heat exchanger configuration.

The thermal capacity of the heat exchanger will match the thermal capacity required by the process conditions temperatures and flow rates if it has sufficient heat transfer area to do so. Equations for NTU vary by heat exchanger configuration, but the mathematical relationship for some types of heat exchangers is not readily available or easily derived. Improperly sized equipment, whether the equipment is a pump, control valve or heat exchanger, results in additional capital and maintenance costs, meethods production, environmental excursions, and potentially increase safety risks.

The equation to calculate the heat transfer rate is given by:.