TABLA DE MENDELEIEV Ley de las octavas de NewlandsLi6,9Na23, 0K39,0Be9,0Mg24,3Ca40,0B10,8Al27,0C12,0Si28,1N14,0P John Alexander Reina Newlands (; see photo at the Edgar Fahs Smith collection, University of Pennsylvania) was born in Southwark, England. John A. R. Newlands (). On Relations among the Equivalents. Chemical News Vol. 7, Feb. 7, , pp. To the Editor of the CHEMICAL NEWS.

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SIR,– In addition newalnds the facts stated in my late communication, may I be permitted to observe that if the elements are arranged in the order of their equivalents, calling hydrogen 1, lithium 2, glucinum 3, boron 4, and so on a separate number being attached to each element having a distinct equivalent of its own, and where two elements happen to have the same equivalent, both being designated by the same numberit will be observed that elements having consecutive key frequently either belong to the same group or occupy similar positions in different groups, as in the following examples: However, each sequence of Newlands’ octaves contain only seven elements.

Lanthanium and didymium are identical with cerium, or nearly so.

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Now, if the law of “Studiosus” had any real existence, the above facts would resolve themselves into particular cases of its application. Osmium appears to play a similar part in the sulphur group, and bismuth in the phosphorus group.

So frequently are relations to be met with among the equivalents of allied elements, that we may almost predict that the next equivalent determined, that of indium, for instance, will be found to bear a simple relation to those of the group to which it will be assigned.

The analogous term in the chlorine group is not yet known. Dumas in particular, have, on several occasions, pointed out some very interesting relations between the equivalents of bodies belonging to the same natural family or group; and my present purpose is simply to endeavour to proceed a little further in the same direction.


This peculiar relationship I propose to provisionally term the “Law of Octaves”. The relations, then, will be thus: Case Studies in the Development of Chemistry.

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After Dmitri Mendeleev and Lothar Meyer received the Davy Medal from the Royal Society for their later ‘discovery’ of the periodic table, Newlands fought for recognition of his earlier work and eventually received the Davy Medal in Picture of John Newlands.

Periodic tablelaw of octaves. Exceptions there are, however, in both cases which render it necessary to take one half or one quarter of the equivalent of oxygen in the one case, and of hydrogen in the other, in order to represent all the numbers obtained as multiples by a whole number of the given standard.

The equivalents thus obtained by calculation will be found to approximate those procured by experiment, as closely as can be expected in such cases. Highest Term of Triad.

Of this relation I append a few examples: His business was continued after his death by his younger brother, Benjamin. In this group the first three are identical, or nearly so, and are rather more than half of the other two. It was written by a reporter whose name I do not have; it is not in Newlands’ words.

The numbers which I have attached to the various groups are merely for the purpose of reference, and have no further significance whatever. With the view of economising space I have omitted most of the calculations, which, however, are very simple, and can be verified in a moment by the reader. If the elements are arranged in the order of their equivalents, with a few slight transpositions, as in the accompanying table, it will be observed that elements belonging to the same group usually appear on the same horizontal line.


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Metals of the alkaline earths: In this group, strontium is the mean of calcium and barium. We have here the symbols and the atomic weights of occtavas elements, placed newlannds their numerical order, and in the third column is the difference between each atomic weight and the one immediately preceding it: SIR,–Many chemists, and M. However, the Law of Octaves was ridiculed by some of Newlands’ contemporaries, and the Society of Chemists did not accept his work for publication.

Leach, the author, using mrl meta-synthesis.


Accessed 5 February In this group, bromine is the mean between chlorine and iodine. LambethSurreyEngland. Read more about Newland’s Octavesincluding a commentry on the origional papers in Carmen Giunta’s Elements and Atoms: Periodic Table, What is it showing? Thus, in the nitrogen group, between nitrogen and phosphorus there are 7 elements; between phosphorus and arsenic, 14; between arsenic and antimony, 14; and lastly, between antimony and bismuth, 14 also. Dumas has pointed out between the members of this group are well known; a slight alteration must be made, owing to the atomic weight of caesium having been raised.

In this group arsenic is the mean between phosphorus and antimony.