NAME: Kyasanur forest disease virus. SYNONYM OR CROSS REFERENCE: Kyasanur forest disease (KFD), KFDV, and monkey fever/disease(1,2,3). Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD) is a re- emerging zoonotic disease associated with sudden onset of high grade fever, prostration, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Kyasanur forest disease (KFD) is a tick-borne viral haemorrhagic fever endemic ( constant presence of disease) in Karnataka State, India.
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It is characterized by return of fever and neurological symptoms as headache, neck stiffness, mental disturbance, coarse tremors, giddiness, and abnormality of reflexes. The incubation period of KFD is about 2 to 7 days after tick bites or exposure.
kyadanur The pathogenesis of KFDV is not completely understood, but studies have been undertaken that have given insight to the pathology that was previously unknown.
Lyme disease Relapsing fever borreliosis Baggio—Yoshinari syndrome.
American Journal of Public Health. Within their discussion, the authors presented the idea that KFDV could be primarily a neuropathic disease and other symptoms are due to this pathogenesis. Gastrointestinal symptoms as diarrhoea and vomiting may occur at third diseease fourth day of illness. A human carrier was kyasannur detected in Wayanad Kerala. Human infection occurred in Bandipur through handling of dead monkeys that were infected. Adult fed female tick lays eggs on the ground, which hatch to larvae under the vegetations.
This could be correlated with the increased activity of nymphs during November to May in this area. Risk factors- People with occupational or recreational exposure to rural or outdoor settings e. Neurological complications may occur due to meningoencephalitis. Adult ticks feed on large animals dissase cattle.
Human to human transmission is not known. For individuals who receive diseasf additional dose, the effectiveness increases to An affected person may recover in two weeks time, but the convalescent period is typically very long, lasting for several months.
Kyasanur Forest disease – Wikipedia
Cattle maintain tick population by providing them blood meal but play no part in virus maintenance. Fisease hosts and reservoirs – Small mammals particularly rats and squirrels are main reservoir of the virus. Initially the disease was limited to three taluks Sagar, Shikaripur and Sorab of the Shimoga district of Karnataka.
There are a variety of animals thought to be reservoir hosts for the disease, including porcupinesrats, squirrels, mice and shrews. Management of disease is mainly supportive in the form of maintenance of the hydration and measures to prevent and control bleeding disorders and neurological complications.
Leptotrombidium deliense Liponyssoides sanguineus. Sequence based studies however note the distinctivenss of OHF. Hence the disease is also locally known as monkey disease or monkey fever.
An Ethnography of a Disease of Development”. Traylor; Ezzat Guindy; Sobhy Gaber Mode of transmission of KFD virus: The symptoms of the disease include a high fever with frontal headaches, followed by haemorrhagic symptoms, such as bleeding from the nasal cavity, throat, and gums, as well as gastrointestinal bleeding.
Views Read Edit View history. This has however been questioned kyqsanur the Indian virus shows variations in sequence over time and the exact match cisease the virus sequence of and the Chinese virus of is not expected. It is also referred as monkey fever by local people. Journal of Virological Methods.
Kyasanur Forest disease
Kyasanur forest disease KFD is a tick-borne viral haemorrhagic fever endemic constant presence of disease in Karnataka State, India. In other projects Wikispecies. Arthropod-borne viral fevers and viral haemorrhagic fevers Hemorrhagic fevers. The last method allows for the detections of anti-KFDV antibodies in patients. Ticks also transmit this virus transstadially from one life stage to next thus also acts as reservoir for the virus.
Tick-borne diseases and mite-borne diseases. There will be muscle aches and weakness during this kyaeanur and the affected person is unable to engage in physical activities.
Filoviridae Viral hemorrhagic fevers: The disease should be differentiated from other diseases such as influenza, typhoid, dengue, malaria, leptospirosis, rickettsial group of fevers.