Tatalaksana Terkini Bronkopneumonia pada Anak di Rumah Sakit Abdul Moeloek. pneumonia pada balita di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Gane Luar, Halmahera Selatan. Metode yang digunakan yaitu observasional. PICO (PROBLEM) Pada tahun berbagai faktor anak di dan ditentukan oleh bawah 5 tahun. Populasi anak bronkopneumonia merupakan kelompok.

Author: Zulkizragore Merg
Country: Canada
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Marketing
Published (Last): 8 December 2018
Pages: 75
PDF File Size: 6.98 Mb
ePub File Size: 8.29 Mb
ISBN: 289-3-27003-835-4
Downloads: 45306
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Vudotilar

Patofisiologi Pneumonia

First and third generation of cephalosporins and penicillin antibiotics were the most widely used antimicrobials, with parenteral route of administration and average duration of treatment of 4.

Antibiotic resistance and irrational prescribing in paediatric clinics in Greece. The most reliable way to diagnose bronchopneumonia is through chest X-ray, but that is not enough to determine the ethiological agent, so the treatment of bronchopneumonia is clinical rather than ethiological in most cases. Controlled study with use of WHO standardization of radiographic definition of pneumonia included 37, children. Selain imunisasi, pencegahan pneumonia menurut Bambang adalah dengan menjaga keseimbangan nutrisi anak.

Other aspects of these deaths have been reported previously 2—4. Pharmacological measures imply administration of antimicrobial and concomitant therapy. A study done on hospitalized children in Africa in found that there is a very low risk of failure when using drugs mentioned in the guidelines and protocols relative to the targeted etiological treatment 0.

There were 92 male and 64 female children. In addition to pharmacotherapy, hospitalized patients were subjected to a diet with controlled intake of sodium, which included probiotic-rich foods and adequate hydration. Are retinal hemorrhages found after resuscitation attempts? One child with abusive head injuries was found dead.


According to the results of our study we recommend oral administration of first-generation cephalosporins and penicillin antibiotics as effective treatment for bronchopneumonia in the pediatric population.

The most recommended medication in this group was cefixime, with an average recommended daily dose of 8. Microscopic examinations identified the presence or absence of bronchopneumonia. Lapsus Pneumonia lapsus pneumonia stase anao.

Analysis results are displayed in tables and graphs as per number of cases, percentage, and arithmetic mean X with standard deviation SDstandard error SE and a range of values min-max. Received Mar 2; Accepted Apr Gejala Pneumonia oleh virus sama saja dengan influensa, yaitu demam, batuk kering sakit kepala, ngilu diseluruh tubuh.

Availability and performance of diagnostic tests, as well as pharmacological measures conform to the guidelines of the British Thoracic Society. Pada anak dibawah usia 2 bulan, tidak dikenal diagnosis pneumonia. Bibir dan kuku mungkin membiru karena tubuh kekurangan oksigen.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol ; Antara 11 sampai 20 juta anak dengan pneumonia butuh rawat inap dan lebih dari 2 juta meninggal.

Hence the usual empirical treatment is based on proven connection of certain causative agents with specific populations, while etiological treatment is very rare. Bronkopneumonoa menguatkan bahwa vaksin itu aman dan dapat diberikan bersamaan dengan vaksin lain seperti Hib, MMR maupun Hepatitis B. Fibrin diresorbsi dan menghilang.

Among other drugs recommended for treatment continuation at home, antipyretics were recommended in 54 or Askep Ischialgia Nyeri Pada Pantat. Komplikasi Dengan penggunaan anti bronkopndumonia, komplikasi hampir tidak pernah dijumpai, Komplikasi yang dapat dijumpai ialah: Karena inilah, selain penyebaran infeksi ke seluruh tubuh, penderita pneumonia bisa meninggal.


Pneumonia oleh Bakteri Pneumonia yang dipicu bakteri bisa menyerang siapa saja, dari bayi sampai usia lanjut.

Study results showed that Pediatric clinic has access to modern diagnostic tests, the treatment is carried out in accordance with the protocols and guidelines, which largely correspond to the guidelines of the British Thoracic Society. Mekanisme apda imunologis di paru yaitu makrofag yang berada di alveoli dan bronkiolus, IgA sekretori, dan Ig lainnya Sectish and Prober, Third-generation cephalosporins were administered to 33 or Table 1 Analysis of use of penicillin group of antibiotics.


Prevalence and correlates of treatment failure among Kenyan children hospitalised with severe community-acquired pneumonia: In the total sample, there was a higher number of male subjects 60 or Open in a separate window. The bronchopneumonia found at autopsy developed after the collapse. Jurnsl Keluarga Berencana KB. Chest pain was experienced by 66 or Treatment of bronchopneumonia involves administration of medicines and use of high calorie dietary regimes with adequate hydration.

Even without recognized aspiration, bronchopneumonia is often found following collapse.

Patofisiologi Pneumonia – PDF Free Download

Int J Antimicrob Agents. Pneumonia yang dihasilkan biasanya berderajat ringan dan tersebar luas. Total duration of the antibiotic therapy averaged 4. Ancestry distribution was 86 white, 50 black, 16 Latino origin, 4 other ancestry. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.