Lachrimae amantis • 7. Lachrimae verae • 8. Semper Dowland semper dolens • 9 . Sir Henry Umpton’s Funeral • Mr. John Langton’s Pavan • The King of. Lachrimae, or Seaven Tearesby John Dowland: Tears of Lost Innocence. Rebecca Shaw. Western University Canada. Recommended Citation. Shaw, Rebecca. CDH – Dowland: Lachrimae, or Seaven Teares. CDH Digital booklet (PDF) · John Dowland (). Lachrimae, or Seaven Teares. The Parley.
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Dowland broke new ground with the publication of Lachrimae. Even at this early stage, the melody of the English version is disappearing and the piece is beginning to be treated as a chord sequenceserving as a basis for further elaboration. Pale printing, by darkening also the dust ‘profited’.
Nicholas Gryffith his Galliard Intavolation in french Lute-tabulatur for 2 lutes Unisono. Die genaue Bedeutung der lateinischen Titel ist nicht ganz klar.
John Dowland’s “Lachrimae”
However, by the time Van den Hove added another setting to the Schele lutebook dated 16th Februaryhe had obviously experimented with other models, since the unorthodox AAiBCBiCi layout has been replaced with a more conventional AAiBBiCCi and the contrapuntal template differs somewhat. The Earl of Essex Galliard However, one should take care not to assume that this is necessarily a successful intabulation of its model, nor that it is an intabulation of a good arrangement.
The aim of this study, then, is to collate as much of this material as possible and present some preliminary hypotheses regarding in particular the transmission of this piece across mainland Europe. To single out just one instance, the highest pitch of the very first chord is carelessly omitted, thus ruining the famous descending tetrachord. John Dowland probably had mixed motives for leaving England in More information about this can be found here.
It was not uncommon for lutenists and keyboard players to produce consort versions of pieces they had already worked out for their own instruments. Henceforth, actors were forbidden to work in England unless they were under the patronage of the Queen or a prominent courtier.
Lachrimae antiquae novae 3. Two sources, Hirsch and the fragmentarypreserve another, possibly earlier, A minor setting. Including the lute tablature and an alternate harpsichord part.
Furthermore, FD contains a very closely related version of the piece which differs only in that it features an alternative A division and a variant of the final four bars of the C division. Captain Digorie Piper his Galliard If performed I would look forward about a small reference to my efforts. Several clues suggest this dependancy upon the song, not least a handful of melodic details which mirror the syllabic patterns of the texted cantus part e. It is unlikely that Dowland intended the two families to be combined in a mixed consort; the normal practice was to use complete sets of instruments as alternatives on a musical menu, rather than as ingredients in a single dish.
Some notable Continental lute arrangements Besides the derivatives of the English G minor version that were in circulation on the Continent, there were a number of interesting lute settings with no apparent connection with surviving English sources.
An early example of the exploitation of this model stems from none other than Dowland himself. Whilst the melodic contour of the English piece has been both eroded bar 4 and elaborated bar 6 in places Example 3the Romers version is largely harmonically consistent with its probable model, and displays the characteristically English auxiliary note in bar 2.
Although this research was carried out within the context of a computer-assisted electronic corpus-building project the analysis of the musical material has been carried out entirely manually. Thomas Collier his Galliard with 2 trebles There can be little doubt that the lute version is a second- perhaps third- generation derivative of the English G minor setting, being replete with printing errors bar 3 opens with an incorrect chord and recompositions the flourish from bar 2iii, or the ornamented sequential passage from bar 12yet clearly a close relative.
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Most notably, this would appear to be an example of a Continental version being exported back to England, since, as well as the south-German copy in Haslemereit appears alongside a good deal of other Continental music in Cosens, 36vwhich is certainly of English provenance.
He had just been turned down for a post as a court lutenist, but he also had Catholic sympathies.
Doch lachrimar Dowland komponierte eine Variations-Suite von sieben Pavanen, die durch ein einleitendes Thema von vier lachrumae Noten und ein feines Gewebe von thematischen und harmonischen Beziehungen verbunden sind. We cannot be sure why Lachrimae is divided into high- and low-pitched pieces, but an obvious possibility is that it reflects the different requirements of particular groups, perhaps in Copenhagen and London.
The undivided strains employ essentially the same structural pitches throughout, suggesting dowlwnd they are derived from a common harmonic template. Nicht nur war seine Bewerbung als Hoflautenist gerade abgelehnt worden, er sympathisierte ebenfalls mit lahrimae Katholizismus. The earliest sources for this setting are Dd. This means that the intense human labour could be devoted to the major task of data-entry and subsequently to the subjective interpretation of the results of the analysis.
Several perplexing unica serve to emphasise the incompleteness of the surviving picture, not least the fascinating F minor lute setting in Eyserttwhich, although tangential to the patterns of transmission identified in this paper, nevertheless seems to be a good, error-free version.
The kind of detailed comparative examination we have begun here on a modest subset of this corpus would only be feasible on the full collection let alone larger corpora with the aid of computer analysis software tools. Some pieces in the collection were also well known as songs. Certainly, there were A minor versions dating from at least the same time as the early G minor sources, with a unique A minor setting with divisions also occurring in Dd.
Virtuoso passage-work remains prominent throughout however; this setting is one of the most elaborate of all lute versions. There are perhaps two main reasons for this, the most obvious of which is the size of its print-run; one thousand copies was immense for this period and the publishers presumably expected to sell every copy.
This is a disparate group, with no clear sequential relationship discernible between them although this is perhaps unsurprising when one considers that their period of compilation spans approximately 35 years. Dowland may have adopted this format, the one he used for his lute songs, because he included a lute part in tablature, which could not easily be accomodated in a small set of part-books.
Editor Franz Julius Giesbert ?
Although it is by no means a certainty, there is circumstantial evidence to suggest that a G minor setting preserved in a number of English manuscript sources may have originally emanated from Dowland himself.
Doch die Erinnerung an Dowland wurde im kontinentalen Europa wachgehalten. However, the keyboard composers are able to exploit a contrapuntal dimension unavailable to Van den Hove and lutenist-composers in dowlanallowing them to make imitative interplay of paramount importance in their settings. Valeriusfor instance, included a double-texted 2-part version in D minor.