DUTTON AND ARON 1974 PDF

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. , Vol. 30, No. 4, SOME EVIDENCE DONALD G. DUTTON2 AND ARTHUR P. ARON. University of. The suspension bridge experiment was conducted by Donald Dutton and Arthur Aron in , in order to demonstrate a process where people. Short talk about the famous psychological experiment of Douglas Dutton and Arthur Aron in which males passing a high anxiety inducing.

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This page was last edited on 11 Mayat Share buttons are a little bit lower. Typically people feel more confident before they are supposed to do a task, but the closer they get to having to perform that task, the less confident they feel, which could be due to the arousal from the expectation of the performance.

Dutton and Aron Suspension Bridge Experiment

The participants then were observed to see if they appeared to be angry or euphoric and took a self-reported survey about their mood. For example, when actually experiencing physiological responses related to fearpeople mislabel those responses as romantic arousal.

They found that if someone was physiologically aroused without being aware of it, they would attribute their arousal to a recent thought in their memory. In the other condition, the woman had approached the men after they had crossed the bridge. However, Dutton and Aron had to take into consideration that some factors of the men, such as the possibility of some men already being involved in a relationship or how an individual male interpreted the woman’s body gestures.

Dutton and Aron Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. Methods and Design by Goodwin In conjunction with Valentine’s Day, today’s special Lexicon entry is about a theory on romantic love by Dutton and Aron Misattribution of arousal can also influence how much confidence one feels before completing a task.

Suproxin was actually a shot of epinephrine or a placebo.

Misattribution of arousal

Methods and Design by Goodwin. White, Fishbein, and Rutsein hypothesized that the polarity of an individual’s arousal could influence the impact of the misattribution of arousal.

In short, Schachter and Singer found that if a subject has an unexplained state of arousal, they will use cues in the environment to label the emotional state they are in.

Views Read Edit View history. Because Dutton and Aron saw potential alternative explanations for this result, they replicated the experiment in the laboratory. Arpn of the initial studies looking into this phenomenon conducted by Schachter and Singer [1] was based on the idea that the experience of arousal could be ambiguous and therefore misattributed to an incorrect stimulus.

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They had enough time to rest and get their heartbeat and breathing back to normal. Based on the meaning maintenance model Heine et al. dytton

As the men finished the survey, udtton woman explained she would be available to answer any questions regarding her project, giving her phone number and name to the male subjects. We need to belong or connect. The researchers had participants attribute their arousal to noises that they heard, which resulted in those participants feeling more confident that they did well on the tasks than those that attributed their arousal to the performance anxiety from the task.

Emotions and Mood Emotions, often 1947 feelings, adon experiences such as love, hate, anger, trust, joy, panic, fear, and grief. Dutton and Aron tested this assumption in the following experiment: Registration Forgot your password? Based on this, psychologists Donald Dutton and Arthur Aron proceeded to study the two-factor theory in terms of romantic attraction.

Misattribution of arousal – Wikipedia

The female confederate, who was not aware of the true hypothesis of the experiment, then gave her phone number to the males if they had any more questions about the experiment and the researchers documented how many males called the confederate.

Sexual Content in the Media. This was interpreted by the researchers to mean that the men found the woman more attractive when they had more anxiety about crossing the bridge. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. The researchers found that males on the suspension djtton who presumably felt more anxious and aroused were eight times as likely to call the female experimenter, compared to those on the sturdy bridge.

Epinephrine activated the sympathetic nervous system and produced systems such as an elevated heart rate and blood pressure.

The reason physiological symptoms may be attributed to incorrect stimuli is because many stimuli have similar physiological symptoms such as increased blood pressure or shortness of breath. Thus, the researchers concluded that males could misinterpret feelings of anxiety for physical attraction. In contrast, expecting that another person will get a strong versus weak shock did not influence attraction ratings. Dutton and Aron wondered if the participants were more likely to call the woman because they were physically attracted to her or not.

This time, dutto manipulated arousal levels by leading participants to believe they were either going to receive a strong electrical shock or a mild one. After the males crossed the bridge, they were stopped by a female confederate and took a Thematic Amd Test wherein they had to compose a short story based on an ambiguous image; the image chosen was purposefully not sexual at all.

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The researchers told participants that they would be exposed to a subliminal noise and were then asked if they could predict how well they andd do on two tasks. About project SlidePlayer Terms of Service. They could earn money for the tasks more money was earned for each anagram unscrambled or each syllable correctly recalled. The results suggested that self perception and attribution play a major role in emotional response. The Power of the Aon. Sixty six male participants were asked to watch one of the videos and then rate the female as in the first study.

In both settings, attractive female confederates approached male subjects and prompted them for help on a psychology project. Why we choose aorn lovers we choose. The study found that regardless of the stimuli’s polarity, the participants in the aroused state found the attractive confederate more attractive and aaron unattractive confederate as less attractive than the unaroused participants. The researchers also found that emotions in this study, euphoria and anger could be manipulated by providing a participant with a shot of epinephrine.

Therefore, Dutton and Aron had the woman survey the men under two conditions: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The researchers then either told the participants the effects of the epinephrine, said nothing about any potential effects of the epinephrine, or told them they dktton feel some effects that had nothing to do with the epinephrine for example, the researchers told the participants they could experience a headache from the shot.

Additionally, a study conducted by Allen, Kenrick, Linder and McCall in suggested an alternative explanation to the misattribution of arousal in terms of attraction-arousal as there are other types of arousal that can be misattributed.

When fear becomes attraction Other studies demonstrated that arousal due to physic activities, was attributed to anger toward another person, but only some minutes after training; otherwise, a person knows that activity elicited arousal Zillmann et al.