Calliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (Meisn.) Barneby Anneslia confusa ( Sprague & Riley) Britton & Rose Calliandra similis Sprague & Riley Anneslia similis. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small, thornless, often multistemmed shrub. Under optimum conditions it can attain a height of 12 m and a. Common Name: Red Calliandra. Calliandra calothyrsus. Often grown as a fuelwood crop and as an ornamental, it has escaped from cultivation and invaded .
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Calliandra can be either browsed or cut-and-carried.
Detannification of Calliandra calothyrsus: Guatemala, collected by OFI, UK Produced high levels of both leaf and wood calothyrsua multi-location trials, and also shown to have superior nutritive value. This has also been shown by a low apparent N digestibility ADN. In other projects Wikispecies. Calliandra is a valuable fodder for all classes of ruminants.
Calliandra calothyrsus – Useful Tropical Plants
The growth rate of lambs fed air dried Calliandra calothyrsus It is so hardy and reproduces so easily that it may become a weed of sorts and may be difficult to keep calothyruss check[ ]. Feeding Calliandra calothyrsus ad libitum resulted in an ADN of only Companion legume, nurse-tree and weed controller Calliandra is often used as a companion legume in alley cropping systems. Its spreading root system binds soil on steep slopes and cleared forests that are at high risk of erosion Orwa et al.
Broilers An experiment with calliandra leaf meal showed that growth performance of broilers decreased, although not significantly, with 2. If prevention is no longer possible, it is best to treat the weed infestations when they are small to prevent them from establishing early detection and rapid response.
Others compounds The drying of calliandra leaves alleviated the depressive effect of an unidentified heat labile compound in sheep that depressed feed utilisation Norton,but these positive calotyyrsus of drying were not in accordance with a former experiment in which drying depressed digestion rate and voluntary intake Palmer et al.
Tropical grassland society of Australia Inc. Grows well on a wide range of soil types but prefers light textured, slightly acidic soils[ ]. It can tolerate infertile and compacted or poorly aerated soils but does not tolerate waterlogged and alkaline soils[ ]. Ca,liandra has a fast growing, vigorous root system that develops down to a depth of 1.
Once the species is mycorrhizal, growth is vigorous and the tree reaches a height of 3. Hedgerows being used with alley cropping of maize Zea mays. It has been introduced to most countries in Africa as an ornamental plant. The numerous red staminal filaments are cm long. Under annual coppicing of stems of cm diameter, the tree can survive for many years FAO, Animal Feed Science and Technology 69, pp.
A good firewood species because it is fast growing, multi-stemmed, easy to regenerate and thornless[ ]. Herbage biomass production and nutritive value of mulberry Morus alba and Calliandra calothyrsus harvested at different cutting frequencies.
Oxford University Press, UK. In Uganda, calliandra is the most cultivated fodder tree, and is preferred caloiandra leucaena, mulberry Morus albatagasaste Chamaecytisus palmensis and gliricidia Wambugu et al. It cannot survive more than 2 weeks of waterlogging Wambugu et al. Significant pests and diseases are starting to appear on calliandra in east Africa, particularly Uganda, including heavy infestation by a scale insect Pulvinarisca jacksonisevere and sudden dieback of uncertain cause on unpruned trees at about two years old.
Poor tolerance of inundation. However, in Samoa alley cropping of calliandra with taro over 4 years did not sustain taro yields Wiersum et al.
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The effects of cultivation site on forage quality of Calliandra calothyrsus var. Calliandra is a good source of nectar for the production of high quality honey. Several studies have reported negative nitrogen balances resulting from high levels of supplementation with calliandra leaf.
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric ccalothyrsus. Leucaena Leucaena leucocephala Sesban Sesbania sesban.
Slashing calliandra to less than 30 cm above ground level and allowing ruminants to graze the regrowth can reduce plant mortality. Calliandra grows well on a wide range of light textured, low fertility soils from calothyrus sandy soils to deep volcanic loams. The plant is not self-fertile. Seedlings might be attacked by the teak sapling borer Sahyadrassus malabaricus.
They contain seeds. Rumen degradation and in vivo digestibility of dried Calliandra calothyrsus leaves. When grown for fuel, wood yields have been reported in the order of 15 – 40 tonnes per hectare just one year after planting, with annual coppice harvests continuing for 10 – 20 years.
Once mycorrhizal infection is effective, calliandra may grow to a height of 3. It can be outcompeted in later successional stages but may persist in areas of continual disturbance such as along roadsides or where shifting cultivation is practiced.
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value. Seed germination occurs after 4 days and continues for 21 days with most seed germinating between 10 – 25 days from sowing[ ]. It is easily grown from seed; growth is slow at first but speeds up after the first year.
The nutritive value of the leguminous calohtyrsus Calliandra calothyrsus and the role of tannins in ruminant feeds. Calliandra firewood has a good calorific value and a low moisture content, calliandfa requiring less drying.
The drying of calliandra leaves alleviated the depressive effect of an unidentified heat labile compound in sheep that depressed feed utilisation Norton,but these positive effects of drying were not in accordance with a former experiment in which drying depressed digestion rate and voluntary intake Palmer et al.
Animal Feed Science and Technology 56, pp. Due to litter and the combination of a deep and well-developed lateral rooting system, the soil and productivity of the land is improved[ ].
It can be controlled by suitable herbicides. For direct seeding the rows should be free of weeds and the ground should be roughly cultivated.