Aryabhata, also called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder, (born , possibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, India), astronomer and the earliest Indian. Aryabhata(some time misspelled as ‘Aryabhatta’) was one of the first Indian mathematicians and astronomers belonging to the classical age. He was born in In [8] it is claimed that Aryabhata was born in the Asmaka region of the Vakataka dynasty in South India although the author accepted that he lived most of his life.

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Archived from the original PDF on 31 March Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The Aryabhatiya presented a number of innovations in mathematics and astronomy in verse form, which were influential for many centuries.

Aryabhata the Elder

A number of his works have been lost and historians can only speculate as to what arybahata have been the great value of their content. The duration of the planetary revolutions during a mahayuga is given as 4. His disciple Bhaskara I calls it Ashmakatantra or the treatise from the Ashmaka.

Thus, the explication of meaning is due to commentators. Continuing the Sanskritic tradition from Vedic timeshe used letters of the alphabet to denote numbers, expressing quantities, such as the table of sines in a mnemonic form.


In Ganita Aryabhata names the first 10 decimal places and gives algorithms for obtaining square and cubic roots, using the decimal number system. Aryabhatiya ends with spherical astronomy in Golawhere he applied plane trigonometry to spherical geometry by projecting points and sryabhata on the surface of a sphere onto appropriate planes. Aryabhatta Knowledge University AKUPatna has been established by Government of Bihar for the development and management of educational infrastructure related to technical, medical, management and allied professional education in his honour.

This type of calendar requires an ephemeris for calculating dates.

Aryabhata Biography – Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline

The work was written in verse couplets and deals with mathematics and astronomy. Articles from Aeyabhata Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. For simplicity, people started calling it jya.

Autobiography of aryabhatta –

Retrieved 24 June By using this site, you agree to allow cookies to aryabuata placed. It turns out that the smallest value for N is It claims that it is a translation by Aryabhata, but the Sanskrit name of this work is not known. They in turn revolve around the Earth.

Aryabhata mentions in the Aitobiography that it was composed 3, years into the Kali Yugawhen he was 23 years old.

In the same way that someone in a boat going forward sees an unmoving [object] going backward, so [someone] on the equator sees the unmoving stars going uniformly westward.


King and George Saliba, ed. The Indian government named its first satellite Aryabhata launched in his honour. It is written in the very terse style typical of sutra literature, in which each line is an aid to memory for a complex system. LallaBhaskara IBrahmaguptaVarahamihira.

See the events in life of Aryabhata in Chronological Order. Views Read View source View history. Archived from the original on 17 October He was born in Kusumapura present day Patna in Bihar, India.

In the Islamic world, they formed the basis of the Jalali calendar introduced in CE by a group of astronomers including Omar Khayyam[43] versions of which modified in are the national calendars in use in Iran and Afghanistan today. Last Days of Aryabhata Aryabhata is believed to have died around A. In Arabic, jiba is a meaningless word. While he did not use a symbol for zerothe French mathematician Georges Ifrah argues that knowledge of zero was implicit in Aryabhata’s place-value system as a place holder for the powers of ten with null coefficients.