Northrop Fryes Theory of Archetypes Compiled by Dilip Barad Dept. of English, M.K. Bh. It was not until the work of the Canadian literary critic Northrop Frye that archetypal criticism was theorized in purely literary terms. The major. “The Archetypes of Literature” by Northrop Frye – Free download as PDF File .pdf ), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Northrop Frye. The Kenyon Review, Vol.

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Murder in the Cathedral- T. On the whole, he wrote about twenty books on Western literature, culture, myth, archetypal theory, religion and social thought.

Archetypal literary criticism

The world of nature is governed by rhythm and northropp has got a natural cycle. Literature is like music and painting. A critic studies a work and finds out whether an author is free from textual interference.

Due to his efforts, Archetypal Criticism replaced New Criticism as the most important mode of analysis of literary texts. Frye outlines five different spheres in his piterature Both figures involve the substitution of one term for another. Drama Film Literary Theatre. The hero is absent. Frye developed the archetypal approach into a radical and comprehensive revision of traditional grounds both in the theory of literature and the practice of literary criticism.

The main contributor to its popularity back then was Northrop Frye, a Canadian literary critic. Jung opened up new vistas in archetypal or mythical criticism and Frye has obviated the impediments in the appreciation of a text.

Pages Home About this Blogger: What are the sources of its origin? It would not be until the s when the other branch of archetypal literary criticism developed. All cultures believe the Cosmos was brought into existence by some Supernatural Being or Beings.


While Frazer’s work deals with mythology and archetypes in material terms, the work of Carl Gustav Arcuetypesthe Swiss-born founder of analytical psychology, is, in contrast, immaterial in its focus.

No human endeavor is independent and the work of an archetypal critic lietrature inclusive of formalistic criticism or structural criticism and archeyypes criticism. The dawn, spring and birth phase.

Northrop Frye, The Literary Encyclopedia: Posted by Chitaranjan Kazhungil at 5: Frazer was a social anthropologist and his book The Golden Bough makes a study of magic, religion and myths of different races. As for the tragic, vegetation is of a wild forest, or as being barren.

It is common for people to take one well-understood or easy-to-perceive aspect of something and use that aspect to stand either for the thing as a whole or for some other aspect or part of it. Such a criticism confines itself to the text and does not give any other background information about the text.

The Archetypes of Literature northrkp Both of these are likely derived from priesthood authority archetypes, such as Celtic Druidsor perhaps Biblical figures like AbrahamMosesetc. Views Read Edit View history. Archetypal criticism focuses on such things in a work. What is Archetypal Criticism? Each category is further subdivided into two categories: Leave a Reply Cancel reply You must be logged in to post a comment.

It is noted for its darkness, dissolution, the return of chaos, and the defeat of the heroic figure. Every myth has a central significance and the narrative in a myth centres on a figure that may be a god or demi-god or superhuman being or legend.

He has also identified logic for this rachetypes.


A Theory of Modes,” “Ethical Criticism: There is a close relationship between literary criticism and religion. These are the four categories of myths, which Frye identifies and they recur in different types of works written by different writers. A meaningless criticism will not help a reader in developing a achetypes structure of knowledge about a work of literature.


Movement towards the lterature or defeat of the hero. He further traces the sources of the drama to nature myths, which were in vogue in the Norman Conquest period. According to this argument the dilemma Frye’s archetypal criticism faces with more contemporary literatureand that of post-modernism in general, is that genres and categories are no longer distinctly separate and that the very concept of genres has become blurred, thus problematizing Frye’s schema.

Similarly, literary criticism, today, has become systematic in its analysis, and therefore it could be considered as a science. Literary Criticism is a Science Science explores nature and different branches of science explore different aspects of nature. Frye classifies myths into four categories: As a form of literary criticism, it dates back to when Maud Bodkin published Archetypal Patterns in Poetry.

Crops are planted and harvested rhythmically every year and they have their seasons. Comedy is aligned with spring because the genre of comedy is characterized by the birth of the hero, revival and resurrection. Romance and summer are paired together because summer is the culmination of life in archetyles seasonal calendar, and the romance genre culminates with some sort of triumph, usually a marriage.

Though he is dismissive of Frazer, Frye uses the seasons in his archetypal schema. All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Cities, a temple, or precious liteeature represent the comedic mineral realm.