Author: Mazusho Dugar
Country: Anguilla
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Technology
Published (Last): 28 March 2016
Pages: 344
PDF File Size: 5.26 Mb
ePub File Size: 3.93 Mb
ISBN: 511-1-94988-515-8
Downloads: 9527
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kazisho

Muawiyah and his companions did not see that it was obligatory upon them and if they were fought against they would consider themselves oppressed because Uthman was killed oppressively as was agreed by all the Muslims at the time and his killers were in Ali’s muawiyz, he having authority over them” [].

Busar bin Irtat; Tarikh Ibn Asakir, vol.

Muawiyah I – Wikipedia

Ali was extremely caring towards the poor and when he became caliph the revenue from the land of Fadak continued to go towards the poor. Never confront him with the weapons of war but rather bestow on him generous gifts. After Caliph Uthman was assassinated inhis successor Ali failed to arrest and punish the amfer.

That was not a fault nor a loss. He kept the troops in training by an annual expedition against the Byzantines and therefore kept the Byzantines in a constant state of unease and therefore kept his northern border safe. Sea raid by Busr ibn Abi Artah on Romans.

Rather Allah killed akeer with angels upon angels at the hands of the sons of their father. Domains of the Rashidun empire under the first four caliphs. His reign was the successful era. After the peace treaty with HasanMuawiyah turned his attention back to the Romans. Umar also introduced child benefit and pensions for the children and the elderly. At the time, Mu’awiyah already controlled Syria and Egypt, and with the largest force akeer the Muslim realm, he laid the strongest claim on the caliphate.

Nisa’i and Muslim narrate a Sahih hadith, wherein Muhammad summoned Muawiyah who snubbed him and continued eating his meal — Muhammad then cursed Muawiyah with the words: After the treaty with Ali’s son HassanMuawiyah ruled for nearly muasiya years most of which were spent expanding the state. As Uthman ibn aneer became very old, Marwan I a relative of Muawiyah slipped into the vacuum and became his secretary and slowly assumed more control and relaxed some of the restrictions on the governors.


These negotiations made Ali’s claim to the caliphate dubious and some of his supporters broke away into a group known as the Kharijites. It wasn’t the kind where Muawiyah was appointed by the Muslims. Ibn Amir got up and Ibn az-Zubayr remained sitting.

Hazrat Sayyiduna Ameer Muawiya

Muawiyah is reported to have said: Mu’awiya could be seen speaking to the people on the minbar of Damascus wearing a patched muadiya. Banu Umayya had had hatred of Islam in their hearts for many years, and they did not suddenly believe in the religion simply because they saw the army of Islam enter Mecca.

Please help improve it by rewriting it in a balanced fashion that contextualizes different points of view. In MayEmperor Heraclius launched a major expedition against the Muslims, but his army was defeated decisively at the Battle of Yarmouk in August Kanz-ul-Iman Translation of Quran. Muawiyah along with Adbullah ibn Sa’d the new governor of Egypt successfully persuaded Uthman to give them permission to construct a large fleet in the dockyards of Egypt and Syria.

With limited resources Muawiyah’s marriage to Maysum was politically motivated, as she was the daughter of the chief of the Kalb tribe, that was a large Jacobite Christian Arab tribe in Syria. Please help improve the article by presenting facts as a neutrally-worded summary with appropriate citations. Michael G Morony The traditional medieval Sunni perception of Caliph Muawiyah I has a wide spectrum. Eighty thousand Rumi were killed in that war.

This also allowed the expansion of the state into north Africa and Spain. So Muawiyah said “You plunder very far! He displayed great forbearance towards the rashness of ignorant men and great generosity towards the grasping. Along with his two older brothers, Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan and Utbah, Muawiyah was one of the members of the hunting party of his maternal uncle Walid bin Utbah that pursued Muhammad during the hijra migrationwhen Muhammad was hiding in Ghar al-Thawr Cave of the Bull.

So he set out to reach them, and when he found them – they had two tender forelocks like pearls – [and] he ordered to kill them. He allowed everyone to live as they wanted. Muawiya was welcome to his subjects at every hour of the day, including mealtimes. Muawiyah governed the geographically and politically disparate caliphate, which now spread from north Africa in the west to Afghanistan in the east, by strengthening the power of his allies in the newly conquered territories.


Both Ali and Muawiyah continued the welfare state.

According to Shia view, Muawiyah opposed Ali, out of sheer greed for power and wealth. Campaign against the Romans. Yazid was experienced militarily, after taking part in various expeditions and the siege of Constantinople but politically inexperienced.

This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat Summer campaign against the Romans Ma’n ibn Yazid. Books written in the early Abbasid period like al-baladhuri “The Origins of the Islamic State” provide a more accurate and balanced history.

He was one of the four renowned statesmen of Arab.

Muawiyah killed several historical figures, including the Sahabah, Amr bin al-Hamiq, Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, [] Malik al-Ashtar[] Hujr ibn Adi [] to which the families of Abu Bakr and Umar condemned Muawiyah for, [] and the Sahaba deemed his killer to be cursed [] and Abd al-Rahman bin Hasaan buried alive for his support of Ali.

Winter campaign against the Romans. Muhammad bin Seereen said, “When Muawiyah was on the brink of maeer, he began to mark out the floor. During Mu’awiya’s rule he put into practice the advice that Muhammad had given him, “When you rule, do it well. The Spread of Islam. Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah.

Hazrat Sayyiduna Ameer Muawiya

Had the people not given Muawiyah ameeer allegiance at that time, it wouldn’t have meant so much as losing their rank or position, as much as it would have meant bloodshed and conflict. Later Umar formalized the welfare state Bayt al-mal. University of Pennsylvania Press.